When dealing with high-range tests, two types of sex difference are conspicuous:
The goal of this study is to find possible relations between either of the two sex differences on the one hand, and any of a number of test properties on the other hand. The test properties in question are hardness, estimated g factor loading, and contents type. What follows is first a legend of the variables that appear in the tables, then a number of tables with numerical results, and finally some conclusions in verbal form.
The sex of a test candidate is simply that which the candidate reported when registering to take the tests, and can be either female or male. An "Intersex" option has been offered for about a decade now, but been chosen only once to date.
The following fields appear in the main table of test variables:
Remark: An earlier version of this report also contained the actual sex difference per test (male minus female mean in protonorm points and I.Q) but analysis proved this to be an inferior and insignificant indicator of the within-test sex difference compared to rsex × score. To know the sex difference in I.Q. over all tests combined, consult the protonorm table and look up the within-sex medians in the table. At the time of the present report, the difference found there is 5 I.Q. points, favouring males. To know the sex difference in I.Q. for any particular test, consult the statistical report for that test.
The following correlations between the variables (columns in the table) have been computed:
So, the only sizeable and significant correlation is that between PropM (proportion of males among the candidates) and g loading, large .50. In other words, the more g-loaded a test is, the fewer females will take it.
The correlation between hardness and g, while just significant, is very small, meaning there is little relation between those variables; a hard test is not necessarily a g-loaded test and vice versa (a not infrequent misconception is that g loading is something like hardness).
The remaining correlations are not significant and are very small, meaning there is no sufficient evidence that (1) the sex participation difference is related to the sex score difference, (2) the sex participation difference is related to test hardness, (3) the sex score difference is related to g loading, and (4) the sex score difference is related to test hardness.
|PropM||rsex × score|
It does seem a bit as if the tests with the greatest female participation (lowest PropM) have the greatest sex difference (favouring males) but this is not conclusive in this table, just like the above reported correlation PropM × rsex × score (which suggests the same) is not significant.
|Test||PropM||Hardness||g||Cont||rsex × score|
|Cooijmans Intelligence Test 5||1.00||.81||.77||vns|
|Test For Genius - Revision 2004||.99||.58||.80||vs||.29|
|A Paranoiac's Torture: Intelligence Test Utilizing Diabolic Exactitude||.98||.84||.73||vns||.10|
|Problems In Gentle Slopes of the third degree||.98||.23||.79||vs||.01|
|Combined Numerical and Spatial sections of Test For Genius - Revision 2010||.98||.60||.78||ns||.05|
|Problems In Gentle Slopes of the second degree||.98||.65||.74||ns||.24|
|Spatial section of Test For Genius - Revision 2004||.98||.48||.74||s||.19|
|Lieshout International Mesospheric Intelligence Test||.97||.41||.75||s||.07|
|Verbal section of Test For Genius - Revision 2004||.97||.70||.74||v||.14|
|Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 1||.97||.30||.64||vns||.01|
|Numerical section of Test For Genius - Revision 2010||.96||.76||.75||n||.15|
|The Sargasso Test||.96||.49||.72||vnsl||.02|
|Reflections In Peroxide||.96||.68||.86||ns||.25|
|Space, Time, and Hyperspace - Revision 2016||.96||.40||.77||s||.10|
|Test For Genius - Revision 2016||.96||.66||.87||vns||.30|
|Combined Numerical and Spatial sections of Test For Genius - Revision 2016||.96||.53||.81||ns||.15|
|The Test To End All Tests||.96||.65||.80||v||.16|
|Verbal section of Test For Genius - Revision 2016||.96||.76||.79||v||.18|
|Test For Genius - Revision 2010||.95||.67||.83||vs||-.02|
|Genius Association Test||.95||.45||.69||v||.01|
|Cooijmans On-Line Test - Two-barrelled version||.95||1.00||.70||vnl||.07|
|Verbal section of The Marathon Test||.95||.39||.82||v||.04|
|Numerical section of The Marathon Test||.95||.23||.84||n||.07|
|Spatial section of The Marathon Test||.95||.54||.83||s||.03|
|Reason - Revision 2008||.95||.23||.65||l||.07|
|Reason Behind Multiple-Choice - Revision 2008||.95||.20||.74||vl||.11|
|The Marathon Test||.95||.36||.88||vns||.10|
|Numerical and spatial sections of The Marathon Test||.95||.39||.86||ns||.06|
|The Bonsai Test - Revision 2016||.95||.36||.83||vns||.17|
|The Nemesis Test||.94||.87||.79||vnsl||.16|
|The Alchemist Test||.94||.58||.85||nl||.13|
|Association subtest of Long Test For Genius||.94||.63||.69||v||.02|
|Test of the Beheaded Man||.93||.53||.87||vnsl||-.05|
|The Final Test||.93||.48||.76||v||.21|
|Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 4||.92||.62||.81||vnsl||.10|
|Analogies of Long Test For Genius||.92||.68||.73||v||.11|
|Long Test For Genius||.92||.59||.75||vns||.12|
|Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 2||.92||.44||.75||vns||.31|
|Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 3||.91||.50||.78||vns||-.01|
|Qoymans Multiple-Choice #5||.91||.18||.73||v||.14|
|Gliaweb Riddled Intelligence Test - Revision 2011||.91||.22||.77||vns||.08|
|Cartoons of Shock||.91||.42||.77||vns||.06|
|Space, Time, and Hyperspace||.91||.52||.64||s||.19|
|Gliaweb Riddled Intelligence Test (old version)||.91||.17||.37||vns||.12|
|Short Test For Genius||.90||.82||.74||vns||.30|
|Qoymans Multiple-Choice #4||.85||.24||.59||v||.26|
|Qoymans Multiple-Choice #3||.75||.30||.57||v||.26|
|Qoymans Multiple-Choice #1||.71||.29||.33||v||.15|
|Qoymans Multiple-Choice #2||.57||.35||.60||v||.24|
n = 54
Looking at the table with computed values per test, one thing stands out immediately: The four tests at the bottom, which have drawn the most female candidates (PropM lower than .9), have five things in common:
This gives the impression that females have an unlucky hand in choosing tests to take, selecting tests that appear "easy" but on which they perform worst. But it is more complicated, because the lower female participation on the other tests may represent a higher selection of females, a smaller and higher-scoring group than those who took the bottom four tests.
The highly significant correlation of .50 with g factor loadings implies that female candidates are seeking out tests with low g loadings, whether they are aware of it or not. The possibility that they somehow cause those loadings to be low by participating can be excluded with certainty, because the females who took the lowly g-loaded tests in this study had as good as no known scores on other tests, and have therefore not contributed to the computation of the estimated g factor loadings of those tests (which are based on a test's correlations with other tests). The fact that they had almost no scores on other tests is a logical consequence of the rareness of female high-range test candidates. It follows that females are actively avoiding tests with high g loadings, as if they possess a "sixth sense" - call it a g-spot - that enables them to detect how much g a task requires.
This also provides a clue as to the low participation of females in high-range testing on the whole. High-range testing is all about g-loaded tests. In fact, in society at large, any activities, professions, and fields requiring high g suffer from a worrying under-representation of females, as demonstrated by decades-long, depressingly unsuccessful, campaigns for more women in high positions.
The absence of significant correlations with the indicators of the male-female score difference means that the sex difference is not greater (nor smaller) on difficult tests, and not greater (nor smaller) on highly g-loaded tests. In combination with the foregoing, this suggests that females are avoiding g-loaded tests for no reason.
Also, the absence of a significant correlation with g factor loadings means that there is currently no evidence that the male-female difference on high-range tests is a difference in g. Had there been a significant positive correlation with g loadings, this would have suggested that the difference was at least partly due to a sex difference in g. The absence of such a correlation (in fact, the little correlation there is is negative, implying a smaller sex difference on tests with higher g loadings) leaves open the possibility that the observed sex difference lies partly or wholly in non-g factors. To understand this, one needs to know that while most of the variance in I.Q. test scores is accounted for by the g factor (typically 60 to 70 %), other portions of the variance are due to so-called "group factors" like the verbal, numerical, and spatial factor. The observed sex difference may lie in group factors as well as, or instead of, in g.