Personality Scales for Intelligent Adults - Statistics of Ethics factor

© Jan. 2011 Paul Cooijmans


These statistics are from the version of the P.S.I.A. that was in use from 2003 to 2007, and was highly similar to the later Revision 2007. The scores are t-scores (mean = 50, σ = 10) normed on an earlier group (partly overlapping this one), so this group may not have an exact mean and σ of 50 and 10. An explanation of the scale can be found through the test's order page.

Explanatory and analytical remarks regarding the interpretation of the statistics are purposely largely avoided, so it is up to the reader to study the report carefully and thus obtain a clear impression of the test's validity - that is, "what it measures". Although the statistics sometimes reveal an almost chilling discriminative power, experience shows that explicitly observing that in a remark tends to evoke negative responses in persons who recognize themselves ("Your remark betrays that your are biased! The test only measures your personal biases!", etcetera).

Scores on P.S.I.A. Ethics factor

Contents type: Personality test other than for mental ability.   Period: 2003-2007

31 *
32 ****
33 **
34 **
35 **
36 *****
37 ***
38 ****
39 ***
40 **************
41 **********
42 **************
43 *******
44 ***********
45 ***************
46 **************
47 *************
48 ******************
49 *********************
50 ********************
51 ******************
52 **********************
53 ******************
54 *******************************
55 *********************
56 **********
57 *********************
58 ****************
59 ******
60 *********
61 *********
62 *****
63 **********
64 ******
65 *******
66 **
67 *
68 **
69 ****
72 *
75 *
76 *

Scores by males

n = 325

31 *
32 ****
33 **
34 **
35 *
36 *****
37 ***
38 ****
39 ***
40 ************
41 ********
42 ***********
43 ******
44 ********
45 **********
46 *************
47 ***********
48 **************
49 *****************
50 ***************
51 *************
52 ****************
53 ****************
54 **************************
55 ****************
56 *******
57 ******************
58 **************
59 ****
60 *****
61 ******
62 ****
63 **********
64 *****
65 *****
66 **
67 *
68 **
69 ***
75 *
76 *

Scores by females

n = 78

35 *
40 **
41 **
42 ***
43 *
44 ***
45 *****
46 *
47 **
48 ****
49 ****
50 *****
51 *****
52 ******
53 **
54 *****
55 *****
56 ***
57 ***
58 **
59 **
60 ****
61 ***
62 *
64 *
65 **
69 *

Correlation of P.S.I.A. Ethics factor with other tests by Paul Cooijmans

Test n r
Cooijmans On-Line Test90.41
Numerical Insight Test120.40
Short Test For Genius80.40
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #3680.39
Long Test For Genius250.38
Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 1130.36
Genius Association Test440.33
Analogies of Long Test For Genius300.30
The Final Test370.28
Numerical section of The Marathon Test50.24
Qoymans Automatic Test #370.24
Isis Test150.19
Analogies #150.16
Association subtest of Long Test For Genius350.14
Intelligence Quantifier by assessment220.13
KIT Intelligence Test - first attempts100.11
Low Countries Aptitude Test50.11
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #1110.11
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #41080.10
Reason - Revision 200870.10
Associative LIMIT Test120.09
Reason Behind Multiple-Choice170.07
Test of Shock and Awe140.06
Reason Behind Multiple-Choice - Revision 200870.05
Spatial Insight Test230.05
Space, Time, and Hyperspace470.04
The LAW - Letters And Words5-0.00
Spatial section of Test For Genius - Revision 200432-0.03
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #212-0.03
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #57-0.04
Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 224-0.06
Lieshout International Mesospheric Intelligence Test25-0.07
Bonsai Test13-0.08
Numerical and spatial sections of The Marathon Test5-0.11
Test For Genius - Revision 200432-0.14
The Test To End All Tests19-0.20
Spatial section of The Marathon Test5-0.23
Verbal section of Test For Genius - Revision 200432-0.30
The Marathon Test5-0.32
Verbal section of The Marathon Test5-0.34
Cartoons of Shock11-0.43
Psychometric Qrosswords6-0.51
Qoymans Automatic Test #29-0.54
The Nemesis Test9-0.61
Qoymans Automatic Test #110-0.66
Test of the Beheaded Man6-0.71
The Sargasso Test7-0.83

Weighted average of correlations: 0.073

Conservatively estimated minimum g loading: 0.27

Ranking in above table is based on the unrounded correlations. All available data is present in this table, no tests are left out except for those with less than 5 score pairs. All known pairs are used to obtain the true, honest statistics; correlations have not been artificially inflated by leaving out ceiling scores, outliers or other anomalies.

Correlation of P.S.I.A. Ethics factor with tests by others

Test n r
Chimera High Ability Riddle Test50.77
916 Test80.70
Titan Test90.51
Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (raw)80.46
Miller Analogies Test (raw; old version)50.37
Strict Logic Sequences Exam I320.19
International High IQ Society Miscellaneous tests140.18
Nonverbal Cognitive Performance Examination350.16
Mysterium Entrance Exam140.15
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales150.10
Mega Test60.08
Omega Contemplative Items Pool60.04
Culture Fair Numerical Spatial Examination - Final version150.01
Sigma Test17-0.02
American College Testing program10-0.05
Epiq Tests13-0.05
Scholastic Aptitude Test (new)5-0.11
Cattell Verbal5-0.15
Scholastic Aptitude Test (old)9-0.16
Unknown tests28-0.25
Logima Strictica 3623-0.28
Cattell Culture Fair14-0.28
Strict Logic Spatial Exam 489-0.32
Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (I.Q.)9-0.35
Graduate Record Examination7-0.36

Weighted average of correlations: 0.018

Ranking in above table is based on the unrounded correlations. All available data is present in this table, no tests are left out except for those with less than 5 score pairs. All known pairs are used to obtain the true, honest statistics; correlations have not been artificially inflated by leaving out ceiling scores, outliers or other anomalies.

Please be aware that correlations with these external tests are in most cases affected (depressed, typically) by one or more of the following: 1) Little overlap with the object test because of the much lower ceilings and inherent ceiling effects of the tests used in regular psychology; 2) Candidates reporting scores selectively, for instance only the higher ones while withholding lower ones; 3) Candidates reporting, or having been reported by psychometricians, incorrect scores.

Estimated loadings of P.S.I.A. Ethics factor on particular item types

These are estimated g factor loadings, but against homogeneous tests containing only particular item types, as opposed to non-compound heterogeneous tests. Although tending to surprise the lay person, it is not uncommon for tests to have high loadings on item types they do not actually contain themselves. Such loadings reflect the empirical fact that most tests for mental abilities measure primarily g, regardless of their contents; that the major part of test score variance is caused by g, and only a minor part by factors germane to particular item types. It is of key importance to understand that this is a fact of nature, a natural phenomenon, and not something that was built into the tests by the test constructors.

Typeg loading of P.S.I.A. Ethics factor on that type

There is no overlap between the categories in this table as a result of leaving out compound tests.

Balanced g loading = 0.15

National means for P.S.I.A. Ethics factor

Country n mean score

For reasons of privacy, only countries with 2 or more candidates are included in this table. Ranking is based on the unrounded means, and then alphabetic.

Correlation of P.S.I.A. Ethics factor with personal details

Personalia n r
P.S.I.A. True2950.86
Observed behaviour310.59
P.S.I.A. Extreme2950.43
P.S.I.A. Orderly2950.24
P.S.I.A. System factor1560.18
Educational level4010.17
P.S.I.A. Rational2950.17
Observed associative horizon110.16
P.S.I.A. Deviance factor4040.11
P.S.I.A. Rare2950.08
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms310.06
P.S.I.A. Introverted2950.05
Disorders (own)4010.04
Disorders (parents and siblings)400-0.03
P.S.I.A. Aspergoid295-0.06
Father's educational level382-0.07
Mother's educational level384-0.09
P.S.I.A. Neurotic295-0.16
P.S.I.A. Cold295-0.16
P.S.I.A. Just295-0.22
Year of birth401-0.27
P.S.I.A. Antisocial295-0.30
P.S.I.A. Cruel295-0.76

Correlation with personal details of P.S.I.A. Ethics factor - within females

Personalia n r
P.S.I.A. True570.83
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms30.78
P.S.I.A. Extreme570.36
P.S.I.A. Orderly570.18
Disorders (own)760.15
P.S.I.A. Rare570.13
P.S.I.A. Deviance factor780.13
Disorders (parents and siblings)750.02
P.S.I.A. Introverted570.02
P.S.I.A. Aspergoid57-0.02
P.S.I.A. Neurotic57-0.03
P.S.I.A. Rational57-0.05
Educational level76-0.05
P.S.I.A. System factor31-0.10
Father's educational level68-0.15
Mother's educational level67-0.18
Year of birth76-0.20
P.S.I.A. Just57-0.24
P.S.I.A. Cold57-0.28
P.S.I.A. Antisocial57-0.37
P.S.I.A. Cruel57-0.69

Correlation with personal details of P.S.I.A. Ethics factor - within males

Personalia n r
P.S.I.A. True2370.86
Observed behaviour270.57
P.S.I.A. Extreme2370.43
P.S.I.A. System factor1250.24
P.S.I.A. Orderly2370.24
P.S.I.A. Rational2370.23
Educational level3250.22
Observed associative horizon100.12
P.S.I.A. Deviance factor3250.11
P.S.I.A. Rare2370.07
P.S.I.A. Introverted2370.05
Disorders (own)3250.02
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms280.01
Disorders (parents and siblings)325-0.04
Father's educational level314-0.06
P.S.I.A. Aspergoid237-0.06
Mother's educational level317-0.08
P.S.I.A. Cold237-0.13
P.S.I.A. Neurotic237-0.19
P.S.I.A. Just237-0.20
Year of birth325-0.29
P.S.I.A. Antisocial237-0.30
P.S.I.A. Cruel237-0.78

Correlation with national I.Q.s of P.S.I.A. Ethics factor

Correlation of this test with national average I.Q.s published by Lynn and Vanhanen:

Estimated g factor loadings Upward and Downward of specific scores

In parentheses the number of score pairs on which that estimated g factor loading is based. The Upward and Downward values are calculated including the pertinent score itself. It is normal that g factor loadings go down when the range is restricted like this, but careful study of the Upward and Downward columns may reveal possible scores below or above which the test loses validity.

ScoreUpward (n)Downward (n)
300.27 (955)NaN (0)
400.23 (929)-0.48 (23)
500.23 (574)0.37 (314)
600.43 (89)0.29 (785)
70NaN (0)0.27 (953)
80NaN (0)0.27 (955)