Personality Scales for Intelligent Adults - Statistics of Ethics factor

© Paul Cooijmans


These statistics are from the version of the PSIA that was in use from 2003 to 2007, and was highly similar to the later Revision 2007. The scores are t-scores (mean = 50, σ = 10) normed on an earlier group (partly overlapping this one) so this group may not have an exact mean and σ of 50 and 10. An explanation of the scale can be found through the test's order page.

Explanatory and analytical remarks regarding the interpretation of the statistics are purposely largely avoided, so it is up to the reader to study the report carefully and thus obtain a clear impression of the test's validity — that is, "what it measures". Although the statistics sometimes reveal an almost chilling discriminative power, experience shows that explicitly observing that in a remark tends to evoke negative responses in persons who recognize themselves ("Your remark betrays that your are biased! The test only measures your personal biases!", et cetera).

Scores on PSIA Ethics factor as of 18 February 2023

Contents type: Personality test other than for mental ability.   Period: 2003-2007

31 *
32 ****
33 **
34 **
35 **
36 *****
37 ***
38 ****
39 ***
40 **************
41 **********
42 **************
43 *******
44 ***********
45 ***************
46 **************
47 *************
48 ******************
49 *********************
50 ********************
51 ******************
52 **********************
53 ******************
54 *******************************
55 *********************
56 **********
57 *********************
58 ****************
59 ******
60 *********
61 *********
62 *****
63 **********
64 ******
65 *******
66 **
67 *
68 **
69 ****
72 *
75 *
76 *

Scores by males

n = 326

31 *
32 ****
33 **
34 **
35 *
36 *****
37 ***
38 ****
39 ***
40 ************
41 ********
42 ***********
43 ******
44 ********
45 **********
46 *************
47 ***********
48 **************
49 *****************
50 ***************
51 *************
52 ****************
53 ****************
54 **************************
55 ****************
56 *******
57 ******************
58 **************
59 ****
60 *****
61 ******
62 ****
63 **********
64 *****
65 *****
66 **
67 *
68 **
69 ***
72 *
75 *
76 *

Scores by females

n = 78

35 *
40 **
41 **
42 ***
43 *
44 ***
45 *****
46 *
47 **
48 ****
49 ****
50 *****
51 *****
52 ******
53 **
54 *****
55 *****
56 ***
57 ***
58 **
59 **
60 ****
61 ***
62 *
64 *
65 **
69 *

Correlation of PSIA Ethics factor with other mental ability tests

Test name n r
Chimera High Ability Riddle Test (Bill Bultas)50.77
The Bonsai Test - Revision 201650.74
Combined Numerical and Spatial sections of Test For Genius - Revision 201050.60
G-test (Nikos Lygeros)40.58
916 Test (Laurent Dubois)90.54
Problems In Gentle Slopes of the second degree50.53
Titan Test (Ronald K. Hoeflin)90.51
Cooijmans On-Line Test100.47
Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (raw)100.45
Numerical section of The Marathon Test90.43
Advanced Intelligence Test (Randy Myers)40.41
Numerical Insight Test120.40
Short Test For Genius80.40
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #3680.39
Long Test For Genius250.38
Miller Analogies Test (raw; old version)50.37
Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 1130.36
Numerical and spatial sections of The Marathon Test90.34
A Paranoiac's Torture: Intelligence Test Utilizing Diabolic Exactitude60.33
Genius Association Test450.32
Analogies of Long Test For Genius300.30
KIT Intelligence Test - first attempts110.29
Problems In Gentle Slopes of the third degree50.29
The Final Test370.28
Tests by Jason Betts (aggregate)40.24
Qoymans Automatic Test #370.24
Spatial section of The Marathon Test90.23
The Marathon Test60.20
Queendom Culture Fair40.20
Drenth number series40.20
Strict Logic Sequences Exam I (Jonathan Wai)340.18
Analogies #150.16
Non-Verbal Cognitive Performance Examination (Xavier Jouve)350.16
Numerical section of Test For Genius - Revision 201080.16
Tests by Ivan Ivec (aggregate)60.15
Association subtest of Long Test For Genius350.14
Low Countries Aptitude Test50.11
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #1110.11
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #41080.10
Association subtest of Long Test For Genius (Netherlandic)40.09
Spatial Insight Test230.08
Mega Test (Ronald K. Hoeflin)60.08
Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 3110.08
Reason Behind Multiple-Choice170.07
Unknown and miscellaneous tests840.06
Test of Shock and Awe140.06
Tests by Greg Grove (aggregate)190.06
Reason - Revision 2008130.05
Reason Behind Multiple-Choice - Revision 2008130.04
Space, Time, and Hyperspace470.04
Associative LIMIT140.04
Omega Contemplative Items Pool (Tommy Smith)60.04
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #5130.02
Association and Analogies (German)40.02
Spatial section of Test For Genius - Revision 2004350.01
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales19-0.00
The LAW - Letters And Words5-0.00
Daedalus Test5-0.02
Cooijmans On-Line Test - Two-barrelled version8-0.02
Sigma Test (Melão Hindemburg)17-0.02
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #212-0.03
Culture Fair Numerical Spatial Examination - Final version (Etienne Forsström)16-0.03
International High IQ Society tests (aggregate)33-0.04
American College Testing program10-0.05
Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 45-0.06
Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 224-0.06
Bonsai Test13-0.08
Lieshout International Mesospheric Intelligence Test27-0.08
Gliaweb Riddled Intelligence Test - Revision 20115-0.08
Epiq Tests (aggregate)14-0.09
Scholastic Aptitude Test (new)5-0.11
Tests by Nikolaos Soulios (aggregate)4-0.12
Verbal section of The Marathon Test6-0.12
Isis Test17-0.12
Test For Genius - Revision 200432-0.14
Cattell Verbal (also known as Cattell B)5-0.15
Scholastic Aptitude Test (old)9-0.16
Cartoons of Shock13-0.17
Logima Strictica 24 (Robert Lato)6-0.19
Test of Inductive Reasoning / J.C.T.I. (Xavier Jouve)13-0.21
The Test To End All Tests23-0.21
Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (I.Q.)10-0.24
Cattell Culture Fair16-0.28
Logima Strictica 36 (Robert Lato)25-0.29
Strict Logic Sequences Exam II (Jonathan Wai)7-0.29
Verbal section of Test For Genius - Revision 200433-0.31
Strict Logic Spatial Exam 48 (Jonathan Wai)9-0.32
Test of the Beheaded Man10-0.34
Reflections In Peroxide5-0.35
Graduate Record Examination7-0.36
Narcissus' last stand5-0.37
Psychometric Qrosswords7-0.40
The Sargasso Test14-0.41
European I.Q. Test7-0.42
Qoymans Automatic Test #29-0.54
W-87 (International Society for Philosophical Enquiry)7-0.58
Analogies subtest of Long Test For Genius (Netherlandic)4-0.63
The Nemesis Test10-0.64
Tests by Nicolas Elenas (aggregate)8-0.65
Qoymans Automatic Test #110-0.66
The Hammer Of Test-Hungry - Revision 20135-0.69
Problems In Gentle Slopes of the first degree4-0.73
Gliaweb Riddled Intelligence Test (old version)5-0.80
Ultra Test (Ronald K. Hoeflin)5-0.87
The Final Test - Revision 20135-0.92

Weighted average of correlations: 0.046 (N = 1614)

Estimated g factor loading: 0.21

Ranking in above table is based on the unrounded correlations. All available data is present in this table, no tests are left out except for those with less than 4 score pairs. All known pairs are used, including possible floor/ceiling scores or outliers.

Correlation of PSIA Ethics factor with other tests - for females

Test name n r
(53) Qoymans Multiple-Choice #360.60
(80) Qoymans Multiple-Choice #4120.11
(242) Unknown and miscellaneous tests5-0.24

Weighted average of correlations: 0.164 (N = 23)

Estimated g factor loading among females: 0.40

Ranking in above table is based on the unrounded correlations. All available data is present in this table, no tests are left out except for those with less than 4 score pairs. All known pairs are used, including possible floor/ceiling scores or outliers.

Estimated loadings of PSIA Ethics factor on particular item types

These are estimated g factor loadings, but against homogeneous tests (containing only particular item types) as opposed to non-compound heterogeneous tests. Although tending to surprise the lay person, it is not uncommon for tests to have high loadings on item types they do not actually contain themselves. Such loadings reflect the empirical fact that most tests for mental abilities measure primarily g, regardless of their contents; that the major part of test score variance is caused by g, and only a minor part by factors germane to particular item types. It is of key importance to understand that this is a fact of nature, a natural phenomenon, and not something that was built into the tests by the test constructors.

Typeng loading of PSIA Ethics factor on that type

N = 1138

Compound tests have been left out of this table to avoid overlap.

Balanced g loading = 0.19

National means for PSIA Ethics factor

Country n mean score

For reasons of privacy, only countries with 3 or more candidates are included in this table. Ranking is based on the unrounded means, and then alphabetic.

Correlation with national I.Q.'s of PSIA Ethics factor

Correlation of this test with national average I.Q.'s published by Lynn and Vanhanen:

Correlation of PSIA Ethics factor with personal details

Personalia n r
PSIA True2950.86
Observed behaviour300.49
PSIA Extreme2950.43
PSIA Orderly2950.24
PSIA System factor1560.18
Educational level4010.18
Observed associative horizon140.17
PSIA Rational2950.17
PSIA Deviance factor4040.11
PSIA Rare2950.08
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms320.06
Disorders (own)4010.05
PSIA Introverted2950.05
Disorders (parents and siblings)400-0.02
PSIA Aspergoid295-0.06
Father's educational level382-0.07
Mother's educational level384-0.09
PSIA Neurotic295-0.16
PSIA Cold295-0.16
Cooijmans Inventory of Neo-Marxist Attitudes10-0.22
PSIA Just295-0.22
Year of birth401-0.27
PSIA Antisocial295-0.30
PSIA Cruel295-0.76

Correlation with personal details of PSIA Ethics factor - within females

Personalia n r
PSIA True570.83
PSIA Extreme570.36
PSIA Orderly570.18
Disorders (own)760.15
PSIA Rare570.13
PSIA Deviance factor780.13
Disorders (parents and siblings)750.02
PSIA Introverted570.02
PSIA Aspergoid57-0.02
PSIA Neurotic57-0.03
PSIA Rational57-0.05
Educational level76-0.05
PSIA System factor31-0.10
Father's educational level68-0.15
Mother's educational level67-0.18
Year of birth76-0.20
PSIA Just57-0.24
PSIA Cold57-0.28
PSIA Antisocial57-0.37
PSIA Cruel57-0.69

Correlation with personal details of PSIA Ethics factor - within males

Personalia n r
PSIA True2380.86
Observed behaviour270.48
PSIA Extreme2380.44
PSIA Orderly2380.26
PSIA System factor1250.24
PSIA Rational2380.23
Educational level3250.23
Observed associative horizon120.15
PSIA Deviance factor3260.11
PSIA Rare2380.08
PSIA Introverted2380.06
Disorders (own)3250.04
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms290.01
Disorders (parents and siblings)325-0.03
Father's educational level314-0.06
PSIA Aspergoid238-0.06
Mother's educational level317-0.08
PSIA Cold238-0.14
PSIA Neurotic238-0.20
PSIA Just238-0.22
PSIA Antisocial238-0.29
Year of birth325-0.29
Cooijmans Inventory of Neo-Marxist Attitudes9-0.40
PSIA Cruel238-0.78

Estimated g factor loadings for restricted ranges

In parentheses the number of score pairs on which that estimated g factor loading is based. The goal of this is to verify the hypothesis that g becomes less important, accounts for a smaller proportion of the variance, at higher I.Q. levels. The mere fact of restricting the range like this also depresses the g loading compared to computing it over the test's full range, so it would be normal for these values to be lower than the test's full-range g loading.

Below 1st quartile0.10 (245)
Below median-0.12 (815)
Above median0.25 (887)
Above 3rd quartile0.27 (411)

The positive g loading is mainly in the upper half.