Personality Scales for Intelligent Adults - Statistics of Cruel scale

© Jan. 2011 Paul Cooijmans

Introduction

These statistics are from the version of the P.S.I.A. that was in use from 2003 to 2007, and was highly similar to the later Revision 2007. The scores are t-scores (mean = 50, σ = 10) normed on an earlier group (partly overlapping this one), so this group may not have an exact mean and σ of 50 and 10. An explanation of the scale can be found through the test's order page.

Explanatory and analytical remarks regarding the interpretation of the statistics are purposely largely avoided, so it is up to the reader to study the report carefully and thus obtain a clear impression of the test's validity - that is, "what it measures". Although the statistics sometimes reveal an almost chilling discriminative power, experience shows that explicitly observing that in a remark tends to evoke negative responses in persons who recognize themselves ("Your remark betrays that your are biased! The test only measures your personal biases!", etcetera).

Scores on P.S.I.A. Cruel

Contents type: Personality test other than for mental ability.   Period: 2003-2007

21 *
32 **
33 *
36 *
37 ***
38 ***
39 *****
40 *******************
41 *******************
42 ***************
43 *************
44 **************************
45 *********************
46 **************
47 *****************
48 ****************
49 ********
50 **********
51 ***************
52 ****
53 *****
54 ***********
55 **********
56 ********
57 ******
58 *****
59 **
60 ***
61 *******
62 *
63 ***
64 ***
65 ***
67 ***
68 *
69 **
70 *
71 ***
72 **
73 *
74 *
81 *

Scores by males

n = 237

32 *
33 *
36 *
37 ***
38 ***
39 ***
40 **************
41 **************
42 *************
43 *************
44 *******************
45 ****************
46 *********
47 ***************
48 *************
49 ********
50 ********
51 ************
52 *
53 ***
54 *******
55 *********
56 *******
57 *****
58 *****
59 **
60 ***
61 *******
62 *
63 **
64 ***
65 ***
67 *
68 *
69 **
70 *
71 ***
72 **
73 *
74 *
81 *

Scores by females

n = 57

21 *
32 *
39 **
40 *****
41 *****
42 *
44 *******
45 *****
46 *****
47 **
48 ***
50 **
51 ***
52 ***
53 **
54 ****
55 *
56 *
57 *
63 *
67 **

Correlation of P.S.I.A. Cruel with other tests by Paul Cooijmans

Test n r
Cartoons of Shock70.73
Cooijmans On-Line Test50.70
The Nemesis Test70.67
Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 170.53
The Sargasso Test50.35
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #550.28
Reason Behind Multiple-Choice110.28
Verbal section of Test For Genius - Revision 2004260.27
Bonsai Test60.24
Test For Genius - Revision 2004260.23
Reason130.22
Test of Shock and Awe90.21
KIT Intelligence Test - first attempts80.21
Isis Test110.20
Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 2200.18
Spatial section of Test For Genius - Revision 2004260.17
Association subtest of Long Test For Genius140.17
The Test To End All Tests130.12
Test of the Beheaded Man50.11
Lieshout International Mesospheric Intelligence Test160.09
Spatial Insight Test140.05
Space, Time, and Hyperspace230.04
Reason Behind Multiple-Choice - Revision 20085-0.04
Long Test For Genius9-0.04
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #491-0.13
Odds7-0.14
Analogies of Long Test For Genius13-0.17
The Final Test22-0.19
Intelligence Quantifier by assessment15-0.20
Reason - Revision 20085-0.22
Numbers16-0.24
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #26-0.37
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #325-0.38
Genius Association Test29-0.43
Qoymans Automatic Test #35-0.45
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #17-0.48
Numerical Insight Test8-0.51
Associative LIMIT Test6-0.68

Weighted average of correlations: -0.006

Conservatively estimated minimum g loading: -0.08

Ranking in above table is based on the unrounded correlations. All available data is present in this table, no tests are left out except for those with less than 5 score pairs. All known pairs are used to obtain the true, honest statistics; correlations have not been artificially inflated by leaving out ceiling scores, outliers or other anomalies.

Correlation of P.S.I.A. Cruel with tests by others

Test n r
Graduate Record Examination50.86
Scholastic Aptitude Test (old)80.63
Cattell Culture Fair100.62
Cito-toets50.51
Logima Strictica 36160.42
Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (I.Q.)50.38
Epiq Tests60.32
American College Testing program70.20
Unknown tests220.20
W-8760.07
Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (raw)70.05
T.R.I.5-0.02
Nonverbal Cognitive Performance Examination20-0.06
Strict Logic Sequences Exam I19-0.08
Mysterium Entrance Exam12-0.14
Sigma Test10-0.17
Culture Fair Numerical Spatial Examination - Final version11-0.30
Titan Test8-0.41
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales9-0.45
International High IQ Society Miscellaneous tests11-0.49
916 Test5-0.65

Weighted average of correlations: 0.047

Ranking in above table is based on the unrounded correlations. All available data is present in this table, no tests are left out except for those with less than 5 score pairs. All known pairs are used to obtain the true, honest statistics; correlations have not been artificially inflated by leaving out ceiling scores, outliers or other anomalies.

Please be aware that correlations with these external tests are in most cases affected (depressed, typically) by one or more of the following: 1) Little overlap with the object test because of the much lower ceilings and inherent ceiling effects of the tests used in regular psychology; 2) Candidates reporting scores selectively, for instance only the higher ones while withholding lower ones; 3) Candidates reporting, or having been reported by psychometricians, incorrect scores.

Estimated loadings of P.S.I.A. Cruel on particular item types

These are estimated g factor loadings, but against homogeneous tests containing only particular item types, as opposed to non-compound heterogeneous tests. Although tending to surprise the lay person, it is not uncommon for tests to have high loadings on item types they do not actually contain themselves. Such loadings reflect the empirical fact that most tests for mental abilities measure primarily g, regardless of their contents; that the major part of test score variance is caused by g, and only a minor part by factors germane to particular item types. It is of key importance to understand that this is a fact of nature, a natural phenomenon, and not something that was built into the tests by the test constructors.

Typeg loading of P.S.I.A. Cruel on that type
Verbal-0.36
Numerical-0.53
Spatial0.31
Logical0.48
Heterogeneous0.53

There is no overlap between the categories in this table as a result of leaving out compound tests.

Balanced g loading = 0.08

National means for P.S.I.A. Cruel

Country n mean score
Israel458.75
Argentina258.00
Korea_South355.00
Brazil753.86
Mexico353.33
Poland352.67
China352.00
Yugoslavia552.00
India1250.83
Netherlands3450.76
Denmark249.50
South_Africa449.50
Australia649.33
United_States9849.14
Sweden1747.47
Norway547.00
France246.50
United_Kingdom1345.92
Finland545.80
New_Zealand245.50
Philippines245.50
Germany1245.25
Canada945.11
Belgium845.00
Bosnia_and_Herzegovina245.00
Bulgaria245.00
Spain644.17
Turkey444.00
Romania242.50
Italy341.33
Austria241.00

For reasons of privacy, only countries with 2 or more candidates are included in this table. Ranking is based on the unrounded means, and then alphabetic.

Correlation of P.S.I.A. Cruel with personal details

Personalia n r
P.S.I.A. Antisocial2950.41
P.S.I.A. Just2950.38
P.S.I.A. Aspergoid2950.30
P.S.I.A. Cold2950.26
Year of birth2920.24
P.S.I.A. Neurotic2950.23
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms170.22
Sex2940.11
Observed associative horizon90.09
P.S.I.A. Rare2950.08
Mother's educational level2790.08
P.S.I.A. Deviance factor2950.06
P.S.I.A. Introverted2950.05
Disorders (own)292-0.02
P.S.I.A. System factor47-0.03
Father's educational level277-0.03
Disorders (parents and siblings)291-0.04
P.S.I.A. Orderly295-0.15
P.S.I.A. Rational295-0.19
Educational level292-0.19
P.S.I.A. True295-0.36
P.S.I.A. Extreme295-0.39
Observed behaviour21-0.43
P.S.I.A. Ethics factor295-0.76

Correlation with personal details of P.S.I.A. Cruel - within females

Personalia n r
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms30.90
P.S.I.A. Antisocial570.46
P.S.I.A. Just570.40
P.S.I.A. Cold570.32
P.S.I.A. Aspergoid570.21
P.S.I.A. Neurotic570.09
P.S.I.A. System factor100.08
Educational level550.05
Mother's educational level470.05
Disorders (own)550.02
P.S.I.A. Rare570.02
P.S.I.A. Introverted570.01
Father's educational level470.01
Year of birth550.01
Disorders (parents and siblings)540.00
P.S.I.A. Deviance factor570.00
P.S.I.A. Orderly57-0.05
P.S.I.A. Rational57-0.22
P.S.I.A. True57-0.31
P.S.I.A. Extreme57-0.41
P.S.I.A. Ethics factor57-0.69

Correlation with personal details of P.S.I.A. Cruel - within males

Personalia n r
P.S.I.A. Antisocial2370.41
P.S.I.A. Just2370.37
P.S.I.A. Aspergoid2370.30
Year of birth2370.30
P.S.I.A. Neurotic2370.29
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms140.23
P.S.I.A. Cold2370.22
Observed associative horizon80.11
P.S.I.A. Rare2370.09
Mother's educational level2320.09
P.S.I.A. Deviance factor2370.06
P.S.I.A. Introverted2370.04
Disorders (own)237-0.03
Disorders (parents and siblings)237-0.04
Father's educational level230-0.05
P.S.I.A. System factor37-0.05
P.S.I.A. Orderly237-0.16
P.S.I.A. Rational237-0.23
Educational level237-0.26
P.S.I.A. True237-0.37
P.S.I.A. Extreme237-0.38
Observed behaviour19-0.39
P.S.I.A. Ethics factor237-0.78

Correlation with national I.Q.s of P.S.I.A. Cruel

Correlation of this test with national average I.Q.s published by Lynn and Vanhanen:

Estimated g factor loadings Upward and Downward of specific scores

In parentheses the number of score pairs on which that estimated g factor loading is based. The Upward and Downward values are calculated including the pertinent score itself. It is normal that g factor loadings go down when the range is restricted like this, but careful study of the Upward and Downward columns may reveal possible scores below or above which the test loses validity.

ScoreUpward (n)Downward (n)
20-0.08 (546)NaN (0)
30-0.08 (546)NaN (0)
40-0.29 (468)0.47 (46)
50-0.28 (106)0.26 (392)
600.31 (13)0.28 (513)
70NaN (0)0.09 (537)
81NaN (0)-0.08 (546)

Remark: The g loading appears to be positive at the lower end and negative at the higher end of the scale (as can be deduced from the table). For an actual I.Q. test that would be bad, but for a personality test it is one of the possibilities to be observed.