Personality Scales for Intelligent Adults - Statistics of Antisocial scale

© Jan. 2011 Paul Cooijmans

Introduction

These statistics are from the version of the P.S.I.A. that was in use from 2003 to 2007, and was highly similar to the later Revision 2007. The scores are t-scores (mean = 50, σ = 10) normed on an earlier group (partly overlapping this one), so this group may not have an exact mean and σ of 50 and 10. An explanation of the scale can be found through the test's order page.

Explanatory and analytical remarks regarding the interpretation of the statistics are purposely largely avoided, so it is up to the reader to study the report carefully and thus obtain a clear impression of the test's validity - that is, "what it measures". Although the statistics sometimes reveal an almost chilling discriminative power, experience shows that explicitly observing that in a remark tends to evoke negative responses in persons who recognize themselves ("Your remark betrays that your are biased! The test only measures your personal biases!", etcetera).

Scores on P.S.I.A. Antisocial

Contents type: Personality test other than for mental ability.   Period: 2003-2007

27 **
30 ***
31 ***
32 ***
33 ****
34 ******
35 *********
36 **
37 ************
38 ****
39 *********
40 ************
41 ******
42 **********
43 ********
44 ***************
45 **********
46 ***********
47 **************
48 **************
49 *****
50 *************
51 ****************
52 **********
53 *********
54 ***************
55 ***********
56 **
57 **********
58 *******
59 ******
60 ****
61 *******
62 **
63 *
64 **
65 ****
66 **
67 ****
68 *
69 *
71 *
72 **
74 *
75 *
88 *

Scores by males

n = 237

27 **
30 **
31 ***
32 *
33 ****
34 *****
35 *******
36 **
37 *********
38 ****
39 ********
40 ************
41 ******
42 *****
43 ******
44 *************
45 ********
46 *********
47 ***********
48 ******
49 ***
50 **********
51 ************
52 *******
53 ******
54 ***************
55 ***********
56 **
57 *********
58 ******
59 ******
60 **
61 *******
62 *
63 *
64 **
65 ***
67 ****
68 *
69 *
71 *
72 **
74 *
88 *

Scores by females

n = 57

30 *
32 **
34 *
35 **
37 ***
39 *
42 *****
43 **
44 **
45 **
46 **
47 ***
48 ********
49 **
50 ***
51 ****
52 ***
53 ***
58 *
60 **
62 *
65 *
66 **
75 *

Correlation of P.S.I.A. Antisocial with other tests by Paul Cooijmans

Test n r
Test of the Beheaded Man50.58
The Sargasso Test50.58
Spatial Insight Test140.55
Qoymans Automatic Test #350.54
The Nemesis Test70.53
Lieshout International Mesospheric Intelligence Test160.53
Odds70.38
Numbers160.27
Cooijmans On-Line Test50.25
Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 2200.24
Verbal section of Test For Genius - Revision 2004260.18
Space, Time, and Hyperspace230.17
The Test To End All Tests130.16
KIT Intelligence Test - first attempts80.13
Cooijmans Intelligence Test - Form 170.12
Numerical Insight Test80.12
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #4910.04
Reason Behind Multiple-Choice110.03
Long Test For Genius90.02
Cartoons of Shock70.01
The Final Test22-0.00
Association subtest of Long Test For Genius14-0.02
Associative LIMIT Test6-0.02
Test For Genius - Revision 200426-0.05
Intelligence Quantifier by assessment15-0.13
Reason13-0.14
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #26-0.15
Isis Test11-0.16
Spatial section of Test For Genius - Revision 200426-0.17
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #17-0.23
Bonsai Test6-0.31
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #325-0.35
Analogies of Long Test For Genius13-0.39
Test of Shock and Awe9-0.40
Genius Association Test29-0.41
Qoymans Multiple-Choice #55-0.47
Reason Behind Multiple-Choice - Revision 20085-0.69
Reason - Revision 20085-0.77

Weighted average of correlations: 0.007

Conservatively estimated minimum g loading: 0.09

Ranking in above table is based on the unrounded correlations. All available data is present in this table, no tests are left out except for those with less than 5 score pairs. All known pairs are used to obtain the true, honest statistics; correlations have not been artificially inflated by leaving out ceiling scores, outliers or other anomalies.

Correlation of P.S.I.A. Antisocial with tests by others

Test n r
Graduate Record Examination50.75
Cito-toets50.73
Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (I.Q.)50.67
American College Testing program70.66
Sigma Test100.62
Cattell Culture Fair100.61
Scholastic Aptitude Test (old)80.37
Culture Fair Numerical Spatial Examination - Final version110.32
Strict Logic Sequences Exam I190.18
Logima Strictica 36160.12
Nonverbal Cognitive Performance Examination200.05
916 Test50.04
W-876-0.11
Unknown tests22-0.14
Mysterium Entrance Exam12-0.21
Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (raw)7-0.26
International High IQ Society Miscellaneous tests11-0.33
T.R.I.5-0.36
Titan Test8-0.45
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales9-0.50
Epiq Tests6-0.61

Weighted average of correlations: 0.075

Ranking in above table is based on the unrounded correlations. All available data is present in this table, no tests are left out except for those with less than 5 score pairs. All known pairs are used to obtain the true, honest statistics; correlations have not been artificially inflated by leaving out ceiling scores, outliers or other anomalies.

Please be aware that correlations with these external tests are in most cases affected (depressed, typically) by one or more of the following: 1) Little overlap with the object test because of the much lower ceilings and inherent ceiling effects of the tests used in regular psychology; 2) Candidates reporting scores selectively, for instance only the higher ones while withholding lower ones; 3) Candidates reporting, or having been reported by psychometricians, incorrect scores.

Estimated loadings of P.S.I.A. Antisocial on particular item types

These are estimated g factor loadings, but against homogeneous tests containing only particular item types, as opposed to non-compound heterogeneous tests. Although tending to surprise the lay person, it is not uncommon for tests to have high loadings on item types they do not actually contain themselves. Such loadings reflect the empirical fact that most tests for mental abilities measure primarily g, regardless of their contents; that the major part of test score variance is caused by g, and only a minor part by factors germane to particular item types. It is of key importance to understand that this is a fact of nature, a natural phenomenon, and not something that was built into the tests by the test constructors.

Typeg loading of P.S.I.A. Antisocial on that type
Verbal-0.28
Numerical0.50
Spatial0.45
Logical-0.44
Heterogeneous0.36

There is no overlap between the categories in this table as a result of leaving out compound tests.

Balanced g loading = 0.12

National means for P.S.I.A. Antisocial

Country n mean score
Mexico356.67
Philippines256.00
Brazil754.29
Norway551.00
South_Africa450.50
Turkey450.50
United_States9850.19
Netherlands3449.88
India1249.75
Denmark249.50
New_Zealand249.50
China349.33
Poland349.33
Canada947.11
Argentina247.00
Belgium846.75
Australia646.67
Yugoslavia546.60
Korea_South346.33
Germany1245.67
Bulgaria245.50
Israel444.50
United_Kingdom1344.08
Austria244.00
Sweden1742.94
Italy342.67
France242.50
Spain642.50
Finland541.40
Bosnia_and_Herzegovina240.50
Romania237.50

For reasons of privacy, only countries with 2 or more candidates are included in this table. Ranking is based on the unrounded means, and then alphabetic.

Correlation of P.S.I.A. Antisocial with personal details

Personalia n r
P.S.I.A. Rare2950.47
P.S.I.A. Cruel2950.41
P.S.I.A. Aspergoid2950.35
P.S.I.A. Neurotic2950.35
P.S.I.A. Deviance factor2950.35
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms170.26
Year of birth2920.23
P.S.I.A. Just2950.22
P.S.I.A. Introverted2950.18
Disorders (own)2920.14
Disorders (parents and siblings)2910.12
Mother's educational level2790.11
Father's educational level2770.08
P.S.I.A. Extreme2950.06
Sex2940.03
Observed associative horizon90.00
P.S.I.A. Cold295-0.09
P.S.I.A. System factor47-0.11
P.S.I.A. True295-0.13
Educational level292-0.17
P.S.I.A. Orderly295-0.18
P.S.I.A. Rational295-0.24
P.S.I.A. Ethics factor295-0.30
Observed behaviour21-0.40

Correlation with personal details of P.S.I.A. Antisocial - within females

Personalia n r
P.S.I.A. Rare570.48
P.S.I.A. Cruel570.46
P.S.I.A. Neurotic570.40
P.S.I.A. Aspergoid570.35
P.S.I.A. Deviance factor570.34
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms30.32
P.S.I.A. Just570.24
Disorders (own)550.19
Disorders (parents and siblings)540.18
Mother's educational level470.11
P.S.I.A. Introverted570.10
Year of birth550.08
Father's educational level470.06
P.S.I.A. Extreme57-0.01
P.S.I.A. Cold57-0.04
Educational level55-0.07
P.S.I.A. System factor10-0.08
P.S.I.A. True57-0.17
P.S.I.A. Orderly57-0.36
P.S.I.A. Rational57-0.37
P.S.I.A. Ethics factor57-0.37

Correlation with personal details of P.S.I.A. Antisocial - within males

Personalia n r
P.S.I.A. Rare2370.47
P.S.I.A. Cruel2370.41
P.S.I.A. Neurotic2370.36
P.S.I.A. Aspergoid2370.36
P.S.I.A. Deviance factor2370.35
Gifted Adult's Inventory of Aspergerisms140.27
Year of birth2370.26
P.S.I.A. Just2370.22
P.S.I.A. Introverted2370.20
Observed associative horizon80.15
Disorders (own)2370.13
Mother's educational level2320.12
Disorders (parents and siblings)2370.11
Father's educational level2300.08
P.S.I.A. Extreme2370.07
P.S.I.A. Cold237-0.11
P.S.I.A. System factor37-0.12
P.S.I.A. True237-0.13
P.S.I.A. Orderly237-0.16
Educational level237-0.20
P.S.I.A. Rational237-0.23
P.S.I.A. Ethics factor237-0.30
Observed behaviour19-0.33

Correlation with national I.Q.s of P.S.I.A. Antisocial

Correlation of this test with national average I.Q.s published by Lynn and Vanhanen:

Estimated g factor loadings Upward and Downward of specific scores

In parentheses the number of score pairs on which that estimated g factor loading is based. The Upward and Downward values are calculated including the pertinent score itself. It is normal that g factor loadings go down when the range is restricted like this, but careful study of the Upward and Downward columns may reveal possible scores below or above which the test loses validity.

ScoreUpward (n)Downward (n)
200.09 (546)NaN (0)
300.14 (539)NaN (0)
40-0.31 (338)0.22 (124)
50-0.26 (164)0.28 (311)
60-0.51 (19)0.28 (490)
70NaN (0)0.26 (521)
80NaN (0)0.09 (546)
90NaN (0)0.09 (546)

Remark: The g loading appears to go down and become negative as one goes up on the scale, as implied by the two columns of this table.